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A pulmonary embolism (PE) is a blood clot that develops in a blood vessel elsewhere in the body (most commonly from the leg), travels to an artery in the lung, and forms an occlusion (blockage) of the artery.
The two types of asthma medications used to treat asthma include long-term control medication and short-term, quick-relief medication.
COPD is a term that refers to a group of lung diseases that can interfere with normal breathing. It is estimated that more than 13 million Americans suffer from COPD. It is the third leading cause of death in the U.S.
Influenza (or flu) is a highly contagious viral infection and is one of the most severe illnesses of the winter season.
Whooping cough, or pertussis, primarily affects infants and young children. Caused by a bacterium, it is characterized by paroxysms (intense fits or spells) of coughing that end with the characteristic whoop as air is inhaled.
Sarcoidosis is a rare disease that results from inflammation.
Did you know
More than 40 million Americans suffer from some type of sleep disorder, including sleep apnea, narcolepsy, delayed sleep phase syndrome, sleep walking, sleep talking, nightmares, nighttime convulsions, abnormal sleep/wake rhythms and excessive daytime sleepiness...
Our Sleep Laboratory consists of a team of well-trained and experienced professionals who perform sleep studies and comprehensive evaluations on adults and children to diagnose and treat sleep disorders. Our team is led by a Board Certified Sleep Specialist. In addition, a number of experienced specialists assist in the evaluation and treatment of the various sleep disorders. We have a group of highly trained and friendly technicians, including four who are registered by the Board of Registered Polysomnographic Technologists. Our sleep lab is a state-of-the-art facility, yet maintains a home like environment to allow for a restful night’s sleep. It is also the only sleep lab in Lancaster City where your physician can refer you directly for a study. That means less waiting time for you! Your physician can manage your care or work with our sleep specialist to treat your specific needs. In addition, we also do home sleep studies for patients with special needs.
Common sleep disorders
- Insomnia - is caused by: poor sleep habits, stress, excessive use of alcohol or drugs, sleeping pills and/or shift work. You may have trouble falling asleep or you may wake up frequently during normal sleep times.
- Sleep apnea - is a disorder in which breathing becomes irregular during sleep. In some cases, breathing stops completely. Symptoms include: loud snoring, snorting, gasping for breath, waking up and feeling restless. Sleep apnea can cause: daytime sleepiness, impaired alertness and mental capacity, personality changes, and morning headaches. Sleep apnea is diagnosed by a medical evaluation and a test in our Sleep Lab.
- Abnormal sleep and/or wake rhythms - can lead to insomnia or excessive daytime sleepiness. Both sleeping and waking rhythms are contolled by an internal biological clock. Shift work, "jet lag" or a poor sleep schedule can disrupt your normal sleep/wake cycle.
- Restless legs syndrome (RLS) - is a sleep disorder that causes tingling, pulling, creeping, or painful sensations in the legs at night. This sensation is brought on by resting such as lying down in bed, sitting for prolonged periods, such as while driving or at a theatre. RLS typically occurs in the evening, making it difficult to fall asleep. Often, people with RLS want to walk around and shake their legs to help relieve the uncomfortable sensation.
- Narcolepsy - is a neurological disorder of sleep regulation that affects the control of sleep and wakefulness. People with narcolepsy experience excessive daytime sleepiness and intermittent, uncontrollable episodes of falling asleep during the daytime. These sudden sleep attacks may occur during any type of activity at any time of the day. Narcolepsy usually begins between the ages of 15 and 25, but it can become apparent at any age.
How are sleep disorders diagnosed?
If you suspect that you may have a sleep disorder, discuss your symptoms with your primary care doctor. He or she can perform a physical exam and help you identify the difficulties you are having with sleep. Keeping a sleep diary for two weeks may be helpful to your doctor. Some illnesses can cause disturbed sleep, so your doctor may order tests to rule out other conditions. If your doctor suspects that you have a sleep disorder, he or she can refer you to our sleep lab. Our sleep specialists will review your symptoms and may suggest that you undergo a sleep study. A sleep study or polysomnogram (PSG) is a multiple-component test that electronically transmits and records specific physical activities while you sleep. The recordings become data that are analyzed by our physicians to determine whether or not you have a sleep disorder.
For questions or to make an appointment please call (717) 291-6721. The Lancaster Regional Sleep Lab is open seven days a week. Sleep studies take place between 8:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m. Our Scoring Technician hours are 8:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m.
Lancaster Pulmonary and Sleep Associates
Part of Lancaster Regional Medical Center’s comprehensive Pulmonary Care Network, the physicians and staff of Lancaster Pulmonary and Sleep Associates are dedicated to improving the lives of patients affected by pulmonary disease, sleep related disorders or life-threatening, critical illness. We strive to provide personalized care and compassionate service to all our patients and their families.
Pulmonary medicine is a subspecialty of internal medicine. A pulmonologist is a physician who has specialized training and skills in the diagnosis and treatment of lung disorders such as:
- Lung masses
- COPD (emphysema)
- Chronic bronchitis
- Interstitial lung disease
- Pulmonary hypertension
- Dyspnea (shortness of breath)
- Cough and chest pain related to pulmonary disorders
We work in conjunction with Lancaster Regional's:
- Pulmonary Function Laboratory
- Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program
- Respiratory Care Program
- Asthma Center of Lancaster
- Sleep Laboratory
Lancaster Pulmonary and Sleep Associates has a board certified Asthma Educator from the Asthma Center of Lancaster on site every Thursday from 1:00 p.m. to 3:00 p.m. Please call to make an appointment.
Sleep medicine is also a subspecialty of internal medicine devoted to the diagnosis of sleep. We work in conjunction with Lancaster Regional Medical Center’s Sleep Laboratory to provide comprehensive diagnostic testing and treatment of these disorders. A sleep specialist is a physician who is highly trained and has expertise in diagnosing and treating sleep disorders such as:
- Sleep apnea
- Hypersomnia (excessive daytime sleepiness)
- Insomnia (inability to get a good night’s sleep)
- Parasomnias (sleep walking, sleep terrors, restless leg syndrome, etc.)
- Nocturnal epilepsy and circadian rhythm disorder (jet lag, shift work related sleep disorder, etc.)
Critical Care Management
People with life-threatening injuries and illnesses need critical care and constant attention by a team of specially trained health professionals in a hospital intensive care unit. We partner with Lancaster Regional to provide the best possible care. Problems that might need critical care treatment include:
- Complications from surgery
- Severe breathing problems
- Serious cardiac disorders
Meet our physicians
Drs. Ahmad and Sambandam are board certified in internal, critical care, pulmonary and sleep medicine.
In his spare time, Dr. Ahmad enjoys family time with his wife and two young daughters.
Dr. Sambandam’s primary interests include yoga and meditation, volunteering, hiking and gym activities. She also enjoys a healthy lifestyle.
Lancaster Pulmonary and Sleep Associates
Proudly affiliated with the Pulmonary Care Network at Lancaster Regional Medical Center.
The Asthma Center of Lancaster
The Asthma Center of Lancaster at Lancaster Regional Medical Center is one of its kind in Lancaster! Most emergency departments and physician offices don't have the time required to educate patients about chronic disease management. As a result, many asthma patients end up in the cycle of exacerbation, short term control and exacerbation again.
Lancaster Regional employs a Certified Asthma Educator with over 25 years of experience in the field of chronic disease education. The staff at the Asthma Center of Lancaster is certified through the National Asthma Educator Certification Board.
The goal of the Asthma Center of Lancaster at Lancaster Regional is to provide asthma patients of all ages and their families with the skills they need for improved self-management of symptoms. We emphasize disease education, asthma triggers and emergent and chronic treatment of the disease.
Our Asthma Educator will work with patients and their physicians to assure a better understanding of all components of quality asthma care. Please phone (717) 291-8377 with any questions or to schedule an appointment.
Cigarette smoking and tobacco abuse are responsible for approximately 130,000 cancer deaths, 170,000 heart disease deaths, and 50,000 lung disease deaths annually in the U.S., according to the American Lung Association. Nicotine is as addictive as heroin or cocaine. For most nicotine addicts it often requires many attempts at quitting to be successful. The key to quitting is to commit to a smoking cessation program that suits your needs and/or using a smoking cessation aid if necessary. Find information about becoming a nonsmoker here.